When you go to a store or to someone’s house which has a hamster, that one hamster becomes your reference point for all hamsters. But does that one hamster accurately represent all species of hamsters? You might be surprised.
Are there different types of hamsters? Yes, there are 19 different species of hamsters around the world of the subfamily Cricetinae. Each type of hamster has different coloration, lengths, and weights.
What Is The Size Of A Specific Hamster Breed?
The smallest hamster is the Roborovski hamster that is only 1.8-2 inches long and weighs 0.7-0.8 oz. The largest hamsters are European hamsters. These giant hamsters can get up to 14 inches in length and weigh a whopping 16 oz. The largest typical pet hamster breed is the Syrian hamster which grows to 7 inches long and 6oz in weight.
As you think about owning a pet hamster, we thought it would be helpful to know the typical sizes of the different hamster breeds. This will help inform the right hamster cage size for you. So, we created the chart below and ordered it from the smallest to the largest hamster breeds.
The bolded breeds below are the typical pet hamster breeds.
|Hamster Breed||Length (in)||Length (cm)||Weight (oz)||Weight (g)|
|Roborovski Hamster||1.7-2 in||4.4-5 cm||0.6-0.9 oz||18-28 g|
|Dwarf Campbell’s Russian Hamster||2-4 in||5-10 cm||1.4-2 oz||40-60 g|
|Dwarf Winter White Russian Hamster||2.7-3.5 in||6.8-9 cm||2.5-3.2 oz||70-90 g|
|Chinese Striped Hamster||2.8-4.6 in||7-12 cm||0.7-1.2 oz||20-35 g|
|Sokolov’s Hamster||3-4.5 in||7.7-11.4 cm||0.8-1.2 oz||22-35 g|
|Chinese (Rat) Hamster||3.2-5 in||5-13 cm||1-1.6 oz||30-45 g|
|Armenian (Grey Dwarf) Hamster||3.3-4.7 in||8.4-12 cm||1-2 oz||30-60 g|
|Lesser Long-Tailed Hamster||3.4-5.3 in||8.6-13.5 cm||1.2-1.7 oz||35-50 g|
|Tibetan Hamster||3.5-4.4 in||9-11 cm||1.2-1.6 oz||35-45 g|
|Ladak Hamster||3.5-5 in||9-13 cm||1.2-1.6 oz||35-45 g|
|Greater Long-Tailed Hamster||4-6 in||10-15 cm||1.4-2 oz||40-55 g|
|Eversmann’s (Kazahk) Hamster||5-6 in||13-15 cm||2.3-2.6 oz||65-75 g|
|Mongolian Hamster||5-6 in||13-15 cm||2.3-2.6 oz||65-75 g|
|Gansu Hamster||5-6 in||13-15 cm||2.3-2.6 oz||65-75 g|
|Syrian Hamster||5-7 in||13-18 cm||5-6 oz||145-170 g|
|Turkish (Brandt’s) Hamster||5-7 in||13-18 cm||5-6 oz||145-170 g|
|Romanian Hamster||6-7 in||15-18 cm||2.8-4 oz||80-115 g|
|Ciscaucasian Hamster||9-11 in||23-28 cm||2-3.7 oz||60-105 g|
|European Hamster||8-14 in||20-35 cm||7.8-16 oz||220-460 g|
Learn more about hamster cage sizes! We have more information about the right hamster cage size in an article we wrote.
Scientific Genus Species Of Hamsters
If you are really getting into learning about hamsters, kudos! They are adorable and fascinating.
Pardon me for being a bit geeky here, but hamsters are rodents which means they are in the animal order Rodentia. They are in the subfamily Cricetinae and are identified as 19 unique species in 7 genera.
Check this Genus / Species listing. I made it easy to copy, paste and print, just in case.
Genus Allocricetulus Species A. curtatus—Mongolian hamster Species A. eversmanni—Eversmann's or Kazakh hamster Genus Cansumys Species C. canus—Gansu hamster Genus Cricetulus Species C. alticola—Tibetan dwarf or Ladak hamster Species C. barabensis, including "C. pseudogriseus" and "C. obscurus"—Chinese striped hamster, aka. Chinese hamster; striped dwarf hamster Species C. griseus—Chinese (dwarf) hamster, aka. rat hamster Species C. kamensis—Kam dwarf hamster or Tibetan hamster Species C. longicaudatus—long-tailed dwarf hamster Species C. migratorius—grey dwarf hamster, Armenian hamster, migratory grey hamster; grey hamster; migratory hamster Species C. sokolovi—Sokolov's dwarf hamster Genus Cricetus Species C. cricetus—European hamster, aka. common hamster, black-bellied field hamster Genus Mesocricetus—golden hamsters Species M. auratus—golden or Syrian hamster Species M. brandti—Turkish hamster, aka. Brandt's hamster; Azerbaijani hamster Species M. newtoni—Romanian hamster Species M. raddei—Ciscaucasian hamster Genus Phodopus—dwarf hamsters Species P. campbelli—Campbell's dwarf hamster Species P. roborovskii—Roborovski hamster Species P. sungorus—Djungarian hamster or winter-white Russian dwarf hamster Genus Tscherskia Species T. triton—greater long-tailed hamster, aka. Korean hamster
Are Hamster Breeds Good As Pets?
No, not all breeds of hamsters will make a good pet. In fact, out of all 19 species of hamsters, only 5 are typically domesticated as pets. The hamster breeds that are best fas pets are the Syrian, Chinese, Winter White, Campbell, and Roborovski hamsters.
When you are purchasing a hamster from a pet store, a reputable breeder, or rescuing one, the pet hamster breeds are typically what you will find. Be sure to create an appropriately sized environment and buy an enclosure that provides plenty of room.
Most hamster breeds like to burrow so in order to have a happy pet hamster, you’ll want to ensure the right amount of bedding. We’ve got you covered with an article that explains everything you need to know about hamster bedding depth.
Hamster Size Chart Infographic
How big is a full-grown dwarf hamster? Dwarf hamsters grow to 1.7 to 4 inches (5.5 to 10.5 cm) long and weigh 0.6 to 3.2 ounces (18 to 90 g).
How long does it take a hamster to grow full size? Hamsters are fully grown at around 3 months old (2.7 to 3.8 months). At this stage of life, hamsters are nearly full size in length and weight while also being sexually mature and able to reproduce.
What breed is my hamster? Identifying the breed of a random hamster is a bit of guesswork for a novice. Observe the following traits to compare against breed guidelines: tail presence, size, weight, coloration, fur length. Remember that male hamsters will be larger than females of the same breed, except for Syrians which can be just the opposite.
How do you speed up a baby hamster’s growth rate? Really?!?! Hamsters already mature fast becoming adults in just 3 months. The best way to help your baby hamsters grow quickly is to provide them with high-quality food with a balanced diet in a large, well-accessorized habitat. Make them happy.
What is the largest hamster? The largest hamster is the European hamster, Cricetus cricetus, which can grow to 14″ (35cm) long, plus a 2.36″ (6cm) tail, and can weigh up to 16oz (460g).
If you think your pet is ill, call a vet immediately. All health-related questions should be referred to your veterinarian. They can examine your pet, understand its health history, and make well informed recommendations for your pet.903pets.com Staff